Heat Stroke in Dogs
As spring turns to summer, rising temperatures put pets at risk of developing heat stroke. This common condition is entirely preventable – keep your dog cool and hydrated to avoid overheating. Read on to learn how to detect, diagnose, treat and prevent heat stroke in dogs.
What is heat stroke?
Also known as hyperthermia, heat stroke in dogs occurs when core temperature rises too high. At a certain point, the animal can no longer regulate its body temperature – a too-high temp is 103 degrees Fahrenheit and above – and organ failure may begin.
Some may categorize heat stroke in dogs as environmental or exertional. In the former, high temperatures and humidity are considered the primary causes; exertional heat stroke is caused by too much physical activity, leading the dog to overheat.
Symptoms of Heat Stroke in Dogs
It’s important to keep a close on your pet in hot weather, as early detection is the key to preventing heat stroke in dogs. Harsh, noisy panting is a primary sign a dog is overheating; panting is dogs’ main method of keeping cool. Excessive drooling is another symptom of heat stroke in dogs. As the condition advances, muscle tremors, confusion, seizures, shock and coma can arise – if you suspect your pet has heat stroke, seek immediate veterinary care.
Short-snouted or brachycephalic dog breeds – those with short noses and flat faces, like pugs and boxers – are more prone to developing heat stroke, as they already have minor difficulties breathing.
Emergency Heat Stroke Treatment
If your pet displays symptoms of heat stroke, it’s essential to immediately bring core body temperature down. Use cool, not cold, water or wet towels on pulse points – the head, stomach, armpits and feet. Give your pup ice to chew on to further reduce internal temperature. Heat stroke in dogs is a serious medical condition that can affect the internal organs. After providing emergency care yourself, immediately visit your vet.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Heat Stroke
A veterinarian will take your dog’s temperature and check other vital signs. Depending on the severity and duration, heat stroke in dogs is treated with rehydration and controlled reduction of body temperature. Intravenous fluids may be given for hydration, as well as oxygen therapy.
In extreme cases of heat stroke in dogs, complications may develop requiring additional treatment. High body temperature can harm internal organs, which can have long-lasting impacts on a pet’s health. Senior dogs and pets with preexisting medical conditions may require more intensive treatment and have a longer recovery time.
Prevent Heat Stroke in Dogs
It’s very simple to prevent heat stroke in dogs – keep your pet cool! Never, ever leave your pet in a car unattended. Always provide a shaded area and plenty of water when spending time outdoors. In hotter climates, ice cubes or ice packs can help keep body temp down. Create a DIY dog ice lick or purchase freezable dog toys to make keeping cool easy and fun.
Cooling vests are also available, reflecting the sun’s rays and working to reduce body temperature through evaporation. Some have removable ice pack-like inserts to keep pets cool all day long. A cooling mat or pad is a good option for extreme temps where even the shade is too hot; these work through gel inserts, removable ice packs, or simply soaking the pad.
Featured image via Flickr.com/johnha.