Benadryl for Dogs: Dosage, Safety, and Uses
Reviewed for accuracy on December 11, 2019 by JoAnna Pendergrass, DVM
Benadryl is a brand name for an antihistamine (diphenhydramine HCl) that can help alleviate symptoms of allergic reactions and even anxiety. Histamine is a substance released by mast cells (a type of immune cell) and is responsible for inflammation and other allergy symptoms. The active ingredient in Benadryl is diphenhydramine, which works by blocking histamine receptors on a cell’s surface, meaning that the receptors cannot ‘accept’ histamine that tries to attach and trigger an allergic reaction.
Benadryl is not yet FDA-approved for veterinary use, but it is generally considered safe for use in dogs with mild-to-moderate allergies.
Symptoms of allergic reactions that can be treated with Benadryl include hives, swelling, and itching. Severe reactions, like anaphylaxis, can be life-threatening and should be treated by a veterinarian (who may give an injection of diphenhydramine along with other emergency injections).
Benadryl usage for dogs
Many veterinarians approve Benadryl for home use as a regular go-to treatment. It may be suitable for:
How does Benadryl work for motion sickness or anxiety?
Dogs may experience anxiety in unfamiliar or uncomfortable situations, such as during a move, going to the vet, or being left alone. Because Benadryl also causes drowsiness, pet parents have also had luck with using the medication to help calm their anxious dog.
Some dogs experience motion sickness while riding in cars which can be due to anxiety. The Merck Veterinary Manual also recommends using Benadryl to help relieve motion sickness during car rides. In some cases, the sedative effects of Benadryl can be enough to reduce car anxiety and its related symptoms. However, for dogs that continue to get an upset tummy in car rides, be sure to consult your veterinarian.
Is Benadryl safe for dogs?
Benadryl is a relatively safe and effective medication for both dogs and cats, but there is a caveat. Your safest bet is to check in with your pet’s veterinarian first, especially if there are any other conditions or symptoms present.
“Benadryl is widely available over the counter and can be used under the advice of your veterinarian for mild itching from allergies, insect bites, flea irritation and a number of other conditions,” says Dr. Justin Shmalberg, veterinarian nutritionist at NomNomNow. “It’s a very safe medication; it may cause drowsiness in some pets but my clients have never found this to occur at a concerning level. Of course, if a problem persists, if there are open sores or if you notice any adverse reactions to this medication, talk to your veterinarian as soon as possible.”
Benadryl dosage for dogs
The usual dosage is about 1 mg per pound, two to three times daily. Veterinarians often recommend that people start with a half dose to see how much it sedates the dog the first time. Also, pet parents should be aware the tablets and capsules commonly come in 25 mg size, but other sizes exist (like 50 mg). Read the labels on the bottle.
Dr. Shmalberg recommends the following with a 25mg tablet:
|Very Small Dogs (4-10 pounds):||1/4 tablet|
|Small Dogs (10-20 pounds):||1/2 tablet|
|Medium Dogs (20-30 pounds):||1 tablet|
|Larger dogs:||1 tablet per 25 pounds body weight|
Possible side effects of Benadryl
If your dog or cat has any chronic conditions like glaucoma, diabetes, hypertension, epilepsy or seizures, or is pregnant, consult your vet before dosing your pet as some of these conditions can worsen with the addition of the drug. The most common side effects include:
- Dry mouth
- Urinary retention
- Increased heart rate
- Rapid breathing
- The rarest of side effects include diarrhea and vomiting
Can my dog overdose on Benadryl?
It is possible for your dog to overdose on Benadryl, according to the Merck Veterinary Manual. Signs of an overdose include hyper-excitability of the central nervous system (CNS) and can be fatal. Signs usually show up within an hour of ingestion. Here are some warning signs to watch for:
- Hyperactivity or depression
- Excessive salivating
- Rapid breathing
- Rapid heartbeat
- Dilated pupils
If you suspect your dog has overdosed on Benadryl, contact your veterinarian or emergency veterinary hospital immediately.
Is it possible for a dog to have a Benadryl allergy?
Some dogs develop an allergic reaction to Benadryl. If your dog starts having symptoms of an allergic reaction, seek veterinary care immediately. As Benadryl for dogs is often used to treat allergies, keep an eye on your dog after giving Benadryl for the first time to make sure that the allergy symptoms don’t worsen.
When NOT to give your dog Benadryl:
- Benadryl is only for mild-to-moderate reactions. If your pet is having an acute allergic reaction with facial swelling or difficulty breathing, go straight to the vet.
- If your dog has glaucoma, high blood pressure, seizures or epilepsy, or cardiovascular disease, don’t give him Benadryl. It could make these conditions worse.
- Don’t give your dog Benadryl if she is pregnant.
- If your dog is taking any other medications, it is especially important to ask your vet before giving Benadryl to your dog, as there may be drug interactions that could be harmful or worsen a pre-existing condition.
Benadryl Dos and Don’ts
- Do ask your vet before administering Benadryl.
- Do watch your dog closely for at least an hour after giving them Benadryl.
- Do give your dog the correct dosage based on their size.
- Don’t give Benadryl if your dog is having a severe allergic reaction – go straight to the vet.
- Don’t give Benadryl if your dog has glaucoma, diabetes, high blood pressure, seizures or epilepsy, cardiovascular disease, or is pregnant.
Allergies were the 8th most frequent reason for dog parents visiting the vet last year, according to the 2018 Cost of Pet Health Care report.