Common Illness in Puppies: Giardiasis and Coccidiosis
Reviewed for accuracy on July 30, 2020 by Sarah Wallace, DVM
Puppies are very susceptible to contracting diseases that older dogs’ immune systems can fight off. Giardiasis and coccidiosis are both parasitic infections that are common among young dogs.
The most common way giardiasis is passed onto new hosts is via contaminated water, such as drinking from a puddle or shared water bowl at the dog park. Giardiasis and coccidiosis can also be transmitted via ingesting feces or soil infected with the parasites. Up to half of young puppies will contract giardiasis in their life; the condition is easily treatable.
Symptoms of Giardia and Coccidia
The main symptom of coccidiosis is watery or soft and pungent diarrhea, but many dogs may never develop diarrhea as a symptom of infection. Giardia symptoms include fatty stool or diarrhea, which may contain blood or mucus, as well as gas, vomiting, and weight loss. Diarrhea is a serious health issue and can also be indicative of many other illnesses; make an appointment with your veterinarian if you notice any sudden changes in your pet’s stool.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Your veterinarian will require a stool sample to test for any parasites. Examining the stool under a microscope may allow the veterinarian to easily see any organisms present, but sometimes they are elusive and additional fecal testing may be required.
If diagnosed with giardia, a prescription medication to kill the parasites will be prescribed. Rehydrating your dog is essential, as diarrhea is extremely dehydrating. Additional fecal examinations will be performed in a few weeks to test the medications are working and look for any organisms still present. Additional rounds of treatment may be needed.
This condition is spread through infected feces; keeping your yard clean can greatly reduce your pet’s chances of contracting the disease. Giardiasis is also common in kennels. Until your dog is around a year old, refrain from boarding him – if you have to leave them at home, consider having a friend or family member babysit. The crowded conditions in kennels are conducive to the rapid spread of contagious diseases.
These intestinal parasites can present a significant challenge for a puppy’s underdeveloped immune system. If your puppy shows any of the above symptoms, seek immediate veterinary attention; giardiasis and coccidiosis can be fatal if left untreated.